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Did you know the word restaurant is derived from the French word restaurer which means to restore?
The first French restaurants [pre-revolution] were not fancy gourmet establishments run by ex-aristocratic chefs.
The French Revolution launched the modern the restaurant industry.
It relaxed the legal rights of guilds that [since the Middle Ages] were licensed by the king to control specific foods [eg.
Entrepreneurial French chefs were quick to capitalize on this market. Boulanger, 1765 "In about 1765, a Parisian 'bouillon seller' named Boulanger wrote on his sign: 'Boulanger sells restoratives fit for the gods'...According to the current edition of Larousse Gastronomque (p.194-5), the first cafes (generally defined as places selling drinks and snacks) was established in Constantinople in 1550.Religious orders and royal households were among the earliest practitioners of quantity food production...Records show that the food preparation carried out by the abbey brethren reached a much higher standard than food served in the inns at that time...
With the exception of inns, which were primarily for travelers, and street kitchens...where in Europe at that time could one purchase a meal outside the home?